This decade from the very starting has been certainly hard on us. We are still in the phase of vaccinating people as soon as possible so that we can get rid of the coronavirus. But the month of May has brought something really weird to us. Monkeypox has grabbed all the attention, and people are so confused about it. They are not familiar with this virus. That is to say, they prefer to discover more about it to stay cautious and keep themselves safe. This article comprises sections such as symptoms of monkeypox, the transmission, its severity, the people who are at greater risk, and much more, along with the possible treatments that doctors have found.
Before we explore more, it is essential to know what monkeypox itself is. It is a disease that is caused by the monkeypox virus. It is one of the zoonotic viruses that exist on the planet. Zoonotic viruses are those viruses that can be transmitted to humans through animals. Like smallpox, the monkeypox also belongs to the orthopoxvirus family.
It was first found in 1958 in monkeys who were kept in captivity for research reasons. In contrast, the virus caught humans in 1970.
Symptoms for monkeypox – take time to appear.
As the name refers, it is clear that you will get pox if affected. But there are plenty of other symptoms of monkeypox that you may experience if you end up getting captured by the virus.
Symptoms for monkeypox:
The early symptoms of monkeypox include intense headache, fever, back pain, muscle aches, low energy, skin rash, lesions, and swollen lymph nodes.
As soon as you are diagnosed with the virus, you will quickly witness rash or lesions on the body. The body starts having the lesions during the starting two or three days. They can be multiple and can be few too. Furthermore, they may develop in parts like the palms of the hand, soles of the feet, and genital areas.
When do the Symptoms go?
It is painful to hear, but the signs may last typically for 2 to 4 weeks. They may fade away on their own. So is it not fatal? This is true that monkeypox is not fatal and usually goes within around weeks. But medical complications can take you to your death bed. That is to say, people with other severe health conditions and newborns may suffer death in cases of interaction with the virus.
Talking about the animals, then yes, humans can get monkeypox through animals by unprotected contact. If a person comes into contact with an animal that is going through such a virus, there are higher chances of that individual facing the music in the form of monkeypox.
Person to person spread is possible when an infected person has the symptoms. Close physical contact with someone who shows the signs of the virus can cause this virus. Bodily fluids (pus and blood from the lesions) and rash are infectious. Moreover, towels, beds, utensils, and objects that are in use by the infected individual can be contagious too.
Health care professionals, sexual partners, and members of the family are at greater risk.
Talking about the transmission from the pregnant mother to the baby, then yes, it is also possible. If the mother has monkeypox, then the baby is also at a higher risk of getting the virus through the mother.
People are questioning if gay men are at greater risk of getting this virus. The question is still not wholly answerable, but in all the recent cases of monkeypox in the UK and Europe, a notable proportion of bisexual men are seen. There is no particular reason for it at the moment. However, as said above, anyone who is in close contact with a person carrying a monkeypox virus is in danger.
A New Risk?
That’s an interesting question because monkeypox usually affects the areas of Africa. Since the 1970s, most of the cases have been reported from African countries. But 2022 is giving us a little bit of surprise. It is because demographics are changing, and multiple cases of monkeypox are coming from (non-endemic) countries i.e where monkeypox is not that common. It is undoubtedly an unusual condition and is an out-of-pattern thing happening.
You may also ask if this may convert into an outbreak? The answer is this virus is not that contiguous. It requires close contact to get infected, unlike corona, which can be caught through the air. The largest known outbreak was experienced in Nigeria in 2017, which brought about 172 suspected cases.
Let’s dig into treatment.
First, stay cautious. You need to distance yourself from the infected person. Yes, it is a bit painful to stay away from your loved one, but that is for your safety. Do not use the same bed, same towel, same utensils, or any of the same stuff that is in use by the infected individual. Furthermore, avoid having sexual contact with your infected partner. Following such steps may help you to be safe from this peculiar virus. Second, for instance, you get infected, then quarantine yourself and save others. Staying away for two weeks or so from the ones you have close contact with can help them to stay fit. The third thing is to seek medical advice from your doctor. Only a doctor can tell how bad your condition is and what medications you should be taking.
Research is still in the process, but experts say that the smallpox vaccine is also effective for the monkeypox virus. There is no final word from trusted medical sources in this regard at the moment.
The above article contains tons of knowledge related to the monkeypox virus. Symptoms for monkeypox, the transmission, the severity of the disease, and the treatment for the virus are a part of this piece of writing.
If you are an elderly person and are going through such any medical condition, you can always rely on the CDPAP program, through which you can get the aid from your own loved ones, and they get paid for taking care of you. Check if you are eligible and apply if you are in need!